High Commissioner for Human Rights, said. Ban Ki-moon also described the treaty as one of the most successful human rights treaties everaccording to IPS. In many countries, women are not entitled to own property or inherit land. Social exclusion, honor killings, female genital mutilation, trafficking, restricted mobility and early marriage among others, deny the right to health to women and girls and increase illness and death throughout the life-course.
Talks by Cancer Epidemiology Unit and external researchers featured new results from the study, and developments in breast cancer screening and treatment talks available at www. We are immensely grateful to all of the study participants for their continued support, to our collaborators from the NHS Breast Screening Centres and General Practices, to NHS information providers, and to our funders, for making the Million Women Study possible.
We hope to continue to follow the health of the women in the cohort for many more years. Valerie Beral, Emily Banks and Julietta Patnick as they appeared on the front page of The Times when the Million Women Study was launched 20 years ago… and at the 20th anniversary event in Latest research from the Million Women Study: After taking other factors such as obesity and childbearing patterns into account, we found no evidence for an association between night shift work and development of breast cancer even amongst women who had worked nights for over 20 years.
This reassuring lack of association was confirmed when we combined our results with those of 10 other studies. Women with disabilities are a third less likely to take part in breast or bowel cancer screening At the 8-year Million Women Study re-survey we asked women about various disabilities, from difficulty with mobility Women progress self-care to vision and hearing problems.
Disabled women without access to a car were particularly unlikely to attend for breast screening, presumably because this requires attendance at a clinic, while the bowel cancer screening test is done at home.
In the UK, screening is offered free of charge to all eligible people and while taking part in screening is a personal choice, these figures suggest that women with disabilities may not have equitable access to the NHS cancer screening programmes. Much work is already being done to try to address identified barriers to participation — our study confirms that this is a significant issue.
Antidepressants, Depression and risk of Blood Clots Both depression and the use of antidepressants are common in the UK and previous studies have reported that they may be linked to risk of blood clots Women progress the veins venous thromboembolism, VTE- most commonly seen as clots in the legs, or in the lungs.
It is still not clear whether this higher risk is due to the antidepressant medications themselves, or related to other factors associated with depression or anxiety. Height and Fracture Risk Height has been found to increase the risk of hip fracture.
However, there has been no prior convincing evidence connecting height with other fractures. An increased risk was also found for other fracture sites but to a lesser extent.
Possible explanations for this higher risk in taller women are larger distance when falling, the greater force on the bones experienced by taller or heavier women when they fall and perhaps differences in bone shape and structure between smaller and taller women.
Explaining social inequalities in heart disease risk Recent research suggests that the higher rates of coronary heart disease heart attack and angina in those living in more deprived areas and with less education could be explained by differences in health-related behaviours.
We were able to use our very large cohort of women to investigate this. The larger proportion of smokers in poorer and less educated groups explained the greatest part of the difference in risk, with higher levels of physical inactivity and of overweight and obesity as well as differences in levels of alcohol consumption also playing an important role.
August As the study cohort matures we continue to extend the range of our analyses; recent publications include work on heart disease and stroke, cataracts, fractures, joint replacements, happiness, and social participation.
Women in the study have generously given their consent for us to use their NHS medical records, and electronic linkage means that we can do this in an efficient and cost-effective way even on the very large scale of the Million Women Study.
Information provided by participants on our resurvey questionnaires is valuable and necessary for following changing lifestyles; but not all women can or wish to respond, and women who are ill are less likely to be able to fill in questionnaires.
Linkage to health records means we have information on the health of all the women in the study, which allows us to provide reliable estimates of risk for many diseases.
Happiness, health and mortality It is often thought that unhappiness and stress can directly cause ill-health: Once other factors — such as poor health, smoking and other aspects of lifestyle- are taken into account, women who reported feeling unhappy were no more likely to die from any cause, or specifically from cancer or from heart disease, than women who reported feeling happy most of the time.
Poor health may cause unhappiness, and poor health increases the risk of dying: Lung cancer in never smokers Smoking is much the most important cause of lung cancer in the UK, but a small proportion of lung cancers develop in people who have never smoked. The Million Women Study has the advantage of very large numbers of women who have never smoked about half of the women in the study and so is well placed to study these uncommon cancers.
We looked at 34 possible risk factors in overnever smokers and found that 3 factors were associated with risk of lung cancer- height taller women at higher riskethnicity non-White women at higher riskand asthma higher risk in women with asthma requiring treatment Pirie et al, No link was seen with diet, hormone replacement therapy, or with secondhand smoking.
The increased risks associated with the 3 identified factors are small 1 to 2 —fold compared with the risk of lung cancer associated with smoking fold. Tubal ligation female sterilisation and risk of ovarian and other cancers Many women in our study have had their Fallopian tubes cut, tied or clipped to prevent future pregnancy.
This is known as sterilisation, or tubal ligation, and has been linked in many studies with a lower risk of developing ovarian cancer. We looked at the risk of different types of ovarian cancer, and found that risk of some types was reduced, and of others unchanged, in women who had been sterilised compared with women who had not Gaitskell, Green et al, Moreover when we looked at risk of 26 other cancers, including breast, womb endometrial and cervix cancers, the only other cancers associated with sterilisation were rare cancers of the Fallopian tube and of the peritoneum the inner lining of the abdominal cavity Gaitskell, Coffey et al, Collaborative studies of the pill, HRT and cancers of the womb and ovary Some of our studies involve collaboration with other researchers worldwide, to make the best use of our study data.
The most reliable answers to many research questions come from looking at the results from as many different studies as possible, so that all the relevant information is taken into account.
Several large international collaborations on risk factors for female cancers breast, ovary, womb endometrium are run by us from Oxford, and we include anonymised Million Women Study data.
One recent collaborative analysis has confirmed that current HRT use is associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer, with similar risks for oestrogen-only and combined oestrogen-progestagen therapy, and risk remaining increased for many years after HRT use stops Beral et al, Pill use is estimated to have preventedcases of endometrial cancer worldwide over the past 50 years.
Diabetes, smoking and obesity increase the risk of cataract surgery Cataract clouding of the lens in the eye is very common as people age, and can only be treated with surgery.
As successful, available and relatively minor as this procedure is in the UK, there is interest in possible preventive measures, and not all possible risk factors for cataract formation have been well studied. With linkage to hospital admissions records, we studied potential risk factors for having cataract surgery Floud et al, We confirmed that increasing age and diabetes are the strongest risk factors women with diabetes have 3 times the risk of cataract as women without diabetes ; and found that risk of cataract surgery was also modestly increased in smokers, and in obese women.Women in the U.S.
military have always had a "tough row to hoe" and we owe a lot to those women who literally broke ground, opened doors, and made the choice of . Sounds like a great book! Maybe progress is always forced to some extent, but we’ll take it, as long as it’s real progress.
But on a key issue, the progress was in practice only and for outsiders only. Women are leading the resistance – fighting for everything from paid leave to reproductive rights to economic security and so much more. Raise your voice today, and share your story. Integrity is the willingness and desire to live by our beliefs and standards.
Read Moroni –33 and think about what it means to “deny yourselves of all ungodliness.” Read the pamphlet For the Strength of lausannecongress2018.comt on how the Lord’s standards differ from the world’s standards. The movement for women’s rights in the US started, by most accounts, in with the Seneca Falls convention on the “social, civil, and religious condition and rights of woman.” One hundred.
Progress through smart, principled, and engaged politics. FCDW Announcements. The Faulkner County Democratic Women is an organization of like-minded women and men who support the ideals of the Democratic Party.