Only questions posted as Public are visible on our website. After watching the Meaning of Human Services video, and reflecting on the quote above, use the outline below to describe the history of human services in western society.
Social and cultural barriers to agricultural change Farmers and their families are members of the society in which they live. In any society there are strong pressures on its members to behave in certain ways. For the farmers, some of these pressures will come from within.
In all societies there are accepted ways of doing things and these ways are directly related to the culture of the society. If it is customary in a certain community for farmers to scatter seed and plough it into the soil, people will grow up to believe that that is the only correct way of planting.
Even if the benefits of other methods are explained to them, their strongly held attitudes may make it difficult for to them change.
Any society expects its members to behave in certain ways. No one is seen by others as an isolated individual. Each person is seen as occupying a position in society, and each position carries expectations with it.
If a person resists these expectations, those around him will show their disapproval. Because most people like to feel acceptance and approval from those around them, they tend to behave in accordance with such expectations.
An extension agent will be more effective if he understands the social and cultural background of the farmers with whom he works. He will then be better able to offer advice that fits in with the culture of the society, and he can use the structure and culture of the society to the benefit of his work.
It is useful, therefore, to examine the main features of societies and cultures that are relevant to extension work.
Social structure The structure of a society is the way it is organized into families, tribes, communities and other groupings or divisions.
Social divisions Divisions within a society can be based on several different factors, including age, sex, religion, residence, kinship and common economic interest. Age People of the same age usually have similar interests and attitudes.
Young people tend to have different values, attitudes and aims in life from those of older people. In many societies, elderly people are treated with great respect, and their advice is listened to carefully. An extension agent needs to learn the particular aims, expectations and restrictions of different age groups in the society in which he works.
Sex Traditionally, in rural areas, specific tasks are done either by men or women.
Usually women are responsible for household jobs, such as cooking, collecting water and firewood or looking after children.
However, in many countries, women also do a lot of farm work. In a number of African countries, over 60 percent of all agricultural work is usually done by women. Often, women have their own fields in which they grow food crops, while the men are responsible for commercial cash crops such as tobacco or oil-palm.
Elsewhere, men and women work the same fields, but carry out different tasks.Articulate how economic factors influence a customer's ability and willingness to buy products.
General economic conditions, buying power, and willingness to spend can strongly influence marketing decisions and activities. Regardless, breathing is influenced by society because society alters the chemical composition of the air, and society influences this action by having the capacity to have an effect on the behavior of breathing, which it does by changing what we breathe.
History of Human lausannecongress2018.coms the history of helping behavior and human services in western culture. What factors have influenced our ability and willingness to help society members? Discuss the cycles of helping in the american society History of Human Services.
What factors have influenced our ability and willingness to help society members? Culture influences many aspects of mental illness, including how patients from a given culture express and manifest their symptoms, their style of coping, their family and community supports, and their willingness to seek treatment.
Likewise, the cultures of the clinician and the service system influence diagnosis, treatment, and service delivery. History of Human Services. Discuss the history of helping behavior and human services in western culture.
What factors have influenced our ability and willingness to help society members? Changing Nature of Helping. Describe how societal circumstances shape helping behavior.