Six Ideas for Fixing the Nation's Infrastructure Problems Here's how to plan, fund and make a safer, more efficient transportation system. As roads and bridges across the country continue to age and deteriorate, governments at all levels are struggling to pay for maintenance and upkeep -- not to mention investments in much-needed upgrades and new projects. Since the federal Highway Trust Fund was established in the late s, total combined highway and transit spending as a share of gross domestic product has fallen by about 25 percent, according to the federal National Surface Transportation Infrastructure Financing Commission.
Foundations[ edit ] Running pony logo used by the U. These early attempts were of small scale and usually involved a colony, Massachusetts Bay Colony for example, setting up a location in Boston where one could post a letter back home to England.
Other attempts focused on a dedicated postal service between two of the larger colonies, such as Massachusetts and Virginia, but the available services remained limited in scope and disjointed for many years. For example, informal independently-run postal routes operated in Boston as early aswith a Boston to New York City service starting in A central postal organization came to the colonies inwhen Thomas Neale received a year grant from the British Crown for a North American Postal Service.
The tax was repealed a year later. The first postal service in America commenced in February Rates of postage were fixed and authorized, and measures were taken to establish a post office in each town in Virginia. Massachusetts and the other colonies soon passed postal laws, and a very imperfect post office system was established.
The chief office was established in New York Citywhere letters were conveyed by regular packets across the Atlantic. Before the Revolution, there was only a trickle of business or governmental correspondence between the colonies. Most of the mail went back and forth to counting houses and government offices in London.
The revolution made Philadelphia, the seat of the Continental Congress, the information hub of the new nation. News, new laws, political intelligence, and military orders circulated with a new urgency, and a postal system was necessary.
Journalists took the lead, securing post office legislation that allowed them to reach their subscribers at very low cost, and to exchange news from newspapers between the thirteen states. Overthrowing the London-oriented imperial postal service in —, printers enlisted merchants and the new political leadership, and created a new postal system.
Before the Revolution, individuals like Benjamin Franklin and William Goddard were the colonial postmasters who managed the mails then and were the general architects of a postal system that started out as an alternative to the Crown Post.
It was based on the Constitutional authority empowering Congress "To establish post offices and post roads ".
The law provided for a greatly expanded postal network, and served editors by charging newspapers an extremely low rate. The law guaranteed the sanctity of personal correspondence, and provided the entire country with low-cost access to information on public affairs, while establishing a right to personal privacy.
Louis under the recommendation of Postmaster General Gideon Granger. Rufus Easton was the first postmaster and built the first post office west of the Mississippi. Bruce Adamson wrote that: Today this is the site of the Jefferson Memorial Park.
In Postmaster General Gideon Granger wrote a three-page letter to Easton, begging him not to partake in a duel with vice-president Aaron Burr. Two years earlier it was Burr who had shot and killed Alexander Hamilton. Sherman, at Fort Union to deliver a letter to Independence, Missouri.
Easton, at Fort Union, New Mexico, had occasion to send some message east by a certain date, and contracted with Aubrey to carry it to the nearest post office then Independence, Missourimaking his compensation conditional on the time consumed.
He was supplied with a good horse, and an order on the outgoing trains for exchange.
Though the whole route was infested with hostile Indians, and not a house on it, Aubrey started alone with his rifle. He was fortunate in meeting several outward-bound trains, and thereby made frequent changes of horses, some four or five, and reached Independence in six days, having hardly rested or slept the whole way.
Bywith 27, local post offices to deal with, it had changed to sorting mail en route in specialized railroad mail cars, called Railway Post Officesor RPOs. The system of postal money orders began in Overall, there are 16 critical infrastructure sectors that compose the assets, systems, and networks, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that their incapacitation or destruction would have a debilitating effect on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination thereof.
Is your IT infrastructure as agile as your business needs it to be? Are you spending too much time reacting to problems rather than focusing on the future?
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The United States Postal Service (USPS; also known as the Post Office, U.S. Mail, or Postal Service) is an independent agency of the United States federal government responsible for providing.
In , taxpayers spent $ billion on highways in the United States, with three-quarters of that coming from state and local governments and the rest from the feds. United States. Infrastructure. Competitiveness. The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) has compiled regular “report cards” on the state of U.S.
infrastructure since the s.