In advance of a meeting, frame a problem or issue to address. Ask each person to bring at least one new idea or suggestion about the problem as their ticket of admission to the meeting. Have the people write their ideas on index cards and collect them at the door. No one gets in without a ticket.
The Malaysian-Malay word for the sauce was kicap or kecap pronounced "kay-chap". That word evolved into the English word "ketchup". Mushroom ketchup Homemade mushroom ketchup in a plastic tub In the United Kingdom, preparations of ketchup were historically and originally prepared with mushrooms as a primary ingredient, rather than tomatoes.
In a London cookbook, the fish sauce had already taken on a very British flavor, with the addition of shallots and mushrooms. The mushrooms soon became the main ingredient, and from to the word ketchup began to mean any number of thin dark sauces made of mushrooms or even walnuts.
One version of the recipe was created by Sandy Addison and published in an American cookbook, The Sugar House Book Get [the tomatoes] quite ripe on a dry day, squeeze them with your hands till reduced to a pulp, then put half a pound of fine salt to one hundred tomatoes, and boil them for two hours.
Stir them to prevent burning. While hot press them through a fine sievewith a silver spoon till nought but the skin remains, then add a little mace3 nutmegsallspiceclovescinnamongingerand pepper to taste.
Boil over a slow fire till quite thick, stir all the time. One hundred tomatoes will make four or five bottles and keep good for two or three years. This early recipe for "Tomata Catsup" from still has the anchovies that betray its fish-sauce ancestry: Let them rest for three days, press off the juice, and to each quart add a quarter of a pound of anchovies, two ounces of shallots, and an ounce of ground black pepper.
Boil up together for half an hour, strain through a sieve, and put to it the following spices; a quarter of an ounce of mace, the same of allspice and ginger, half an ounce of nutmeg, a drachm of coriander seed, and half a drachm of cochineal.
Pound all together; let them simmer gently for twenty minutes, and strain through a bag: It will keep for seven years. By the mids, the anchovies had been dropped.
American cooks also began to sweeten ketchup in the 19th century. Ketchup was popular long before fresh tomatoes were. Jonas Yerkes is credited as the first American to sell tomato ketchup in a bottle.
Heinz launched their tomato ketchup in In response, entrepreneurs including Henry J. Heinzpursued an alternative recipe that eliminated the need for that preservative. Department of Agriculture, carried out research that proved in that increasing the sugar and vinegar content of the product would prevent spoilage without use of artificial preservatives.
She was assisted by her husband, Arvil Bitting, an official at that agency. But the changes driven by the desire to eliminate benzoate also produced changes[ clarification needed ] that some experts such as Andrew F.
Smith  believe were key to the establishment of tomato ketchup as the dominant American condiment. Later innovations In fast food outlets, ketchup is often dispensed in small sachets or tubs. Diners tear the side or top and squeeze the ketchup out of the ketchup packetsor peel the foil lid off the tub for dipping.
InHeinz began offering a new measured-portion package, called the "Dip and Squeeze" packet, which can be opened in either way, giving both options. This method has made a comeback in the first decade of the 21st century, as cost and environmental concerns over the increasing use of individual plastic ketchup tubs were taken into account.
In OctoberHeinz introduced colored ketchup products called EZ Squirt, which eventually included greenpurplemystery pink, orange, or teal, and blue As of January [update] these products were discontinued.
Ketchup is the dominant term in American English, and Canadian Englishalthough catsup is commonly used in some southern US states and Mexico. In these countries the word Ketchup is commonly used to describe premium gourmet tomato sauce.
Red sauce is the term used in Welsh EnglishScottish English and some parts of England, such as the Black Countryand in South Londoncontrasting with brown sauce.
In Canadian and American English, "red sauce" refers to various tomato-based sauces commonly paired with pasta dishes, and is not a synonym for ketchup. Etymology The etymology of the word ketchup is unclear, with multiple competing theories.
Malay theory Ketchup may have  entered the English language from the Malay word kicap pron. Originally meaning "fish sauce", the word itself derives from the Chinese terms  above. In Indonesian cuisinewhich is similar to Malaythe term kecap refers to fermented savory sauces.Comment: This item shows signs of wear from consistent use, but it remains in good condition and is a good working copy.
All pages and cover are intact, but may have aesthetic issues such as small tears, bends, scratches, and scuffs. Spine may also show signs of wear.
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Naporitan or Napolitan (Japanese: ナポリタン) is a popular Japanese pasta dish. The dish consists of spaghetti, tomato ketchup or a tomato-based sauce, onion, button mushrooms, green peppers, sausage, bacon and Tabasco lausannecongress2018.comtan is claimed to be from Yokohama.
An instant Naporitan is also available in Japan today. Ketchup. Crime. Quarterbacks. Thanks to Malcolm Gladwell, these ordinary subjects have helped millions of readers devour complex ideas like behavioral economics and performance prediction.
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