You might wonder if kids will work it out for themselves. After all, lots of smart people have managed to think logically without formal instruction in logic. Moreover, studies show that kids become better learners when they are forced to explain how they solve problems.
Critical thinking is an active, purposeful, organized, and cognitive process that research has shown can be explicitly taught. The skills required for critical thinking support higher learning, which necessitates the ability to see connections between concepts and topics, and to generalize understanding between disciplines.
There are various methodologies available to teach critical thinking. Multiple routines can be applied to the process of teaching critical thinking skills.
Art offers students a break from written words while continuing to develop the same skill set needed to be successful readers through challenging students to think both critically and analytically. Here are a few examples of how I use art. Critical thinking, they say, is the disciplined art of ensuring that you use the best thinking you are capable of in any set of circumstances; . Accessible and engaging, this unique text offers concrete, practice strategies for critical and creative thinking and includes many opportunities for practicing these fundamental skills.
Thinking routines are an excellent pre-writing exercise. Using these routines provides experiential focus prior to the writing process. It also supports risk taking as students develop the ability to make observations and to draw conclusions. In this process, instructors ask students to describe what they see, then proceed to answer such questions as: What does it make you think about?
What questions do you have?
What does it make you want to explain? From there, they share what it makes them think about and what questions they have.
Color has values of light and dark and helps to create the mood of a design. Bright, warm colors give a feeling of warmth or energy; cool colors give a feeling of peace and calm; while very dark colors can convey sadness. Value indicates how much light and dark is in a design, and makes some elements of a design more dominant than others.
Texture refers to how the surface looks and feels, and can be presented through rubbings or through points, lines, and shapes. The following techniques are helpful as well. Ask questions with multiple answers; encourage students to question, relate, evaluate Consistently offer and encourage students to seek alternative ways of responding to structured activities Connect across the curriculum to science and social studies, for example, ask what important events may have happened in the past Choose real objects and experiences over worksheets in developing understanding whenever possible Additionally, reasoning routines can be applied to the visual arts.
This method can be used with works of art as well as with topics in the curriculum that invite explanation or are open to interpretation. Students learn to develop thoughtful interpretations of an artwork or topic by being encouraged to support their reasoning with evidence. These processes can be adapted for visual, kinesthetic, and auditory learners.
For the visual learner, use illustrations and visual arts as pathways to learning. Wordless picture books and tests with strong illustrations can be used to develop thinking skills with students of any age. Students demonstrate understanding through graphic organizers or other visual representations.
Kinesthetic learners can enhance their understanding through the use of rhythm instruments, and through the use of tableau, using their body to extend meaning.
The movement activities can support extensions and interpretations of text and other art forms. Auditory learners can use music to support understanding of basic literary elements. For instance, song lyrics, prepared or original, along with short text, can help students develop thinking skills.
Students also can be encouraged to use assistive technology such as books on tape and electronic readers.Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store. See how you can introduce the arts to your elementary school students and help them build critical thinking skills.
Ms. Castellano and Ms. Wielopolski see art as an expression of student lives and leverage that expression to .
Critical thinking the awakening of the intellect to the study of itself. Critical thinking is a rich concept that has been developing throughout the past years. References: Tips for teaching critical thinking to kids. Abrami PC, Bernard RM, Borokhovski E, Wadem A, Surkes M A, Tamim R, Zhang D.
Instructional interventions affecting critical thinking skills and dispositions: a stage 1 meta-analysis.
A statement by Michael Scriven & Richard Paul, presented at the 8th Annual International Conference on Critical Thinking and Education Reform, Summer Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and.
The Art Of Thinking In Systems: Improve Your Logic, Think More Critically, And Use Proven Systems To Solve Your Problems - Strategic Planning For Everyday Life.