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It used frontier humor, vernacular speech, and an uneducated young narrator to portray life in America.
Although at first the novel was roundly denounced as inappropriate for genteel readers, it eventually found a preeminent place in the canon of American literature. Narrated by the title character, the story begins with Huck under the protection of the kindly Widow Douglas and her sister, Miss Watson.
Fearing that his alcoholic father, Pap, will attempt to claim the fortune that he and Tom had found in Tom SawyerHuck transfers the money to Judge Thatcher. Undaunted, Pap kidnaps Huck and imprisons him in a lonely cabin. The two set out on a raft down the Mississippi River but are separated when the raft is struck by a steamboat.
Swimming ashore, Huck is taken in by the Grangerford family, who are engaged in a blood feud with the Shepherdsons. In time Huck finds Jim and the two set out on the raft again, eventually offering refuge to two con artists, the Duke, and the King.
These two perpetrate various frauds on unsuspecting people, claiming to be descendants of royalty Mark twain info essay, at other times, famous actors, evangelists, or temperance lecturers.
Learning of the death of the well-to-do Peter Wilks, the Duke and the King descend upon the family, claiming their inheritance as long-lost brothers. Huck helps to foil their plans, and he and Jim attempt to slip away without the Duke and the King, but the rogues catch up with them and the four set out together.
When they come ashore in one town, Jim is captured, and Huck is shocked to learn that the King has turned him in for the reward. After a battle with his conscience, Huck decides to help Jim escape.
He goes to the Phelps farm where Jim is being held and is mistaken for Tom Sawyer, who is the nephew of the Phelpses. Huck decides to impersonate Tom. When the real Tom arrives, he joins in the deception by posing as his brother, Sid.
He concocts an elaborate plan to rescue Jim, during the execution of which Tom is accidentally shot, and Jim is recaptured.
From his sickbed, Tom announces that Miss Watson has died, setting Jim free in her will. During his journey down the river, with its series of encounters, he undergoes a rite of passage from unthinking acceptance of received knowledge and values to an independently achieved understanding of what is right.
Twain skillfully plays upon the irony of that moment as he describes the conflicts between what Huck has been taught and what he gradually acknowledges to be right. Another dominant theme in the story is the contrast between the constricting life on shore and the freedom offered by the river.
Critical Reception When Huckleberry Finn was first published in the United States incritical response was mixed, and a few libraries banned the book for its perceived offenses to propriety.
Later critics gave it nearly universal acclaim, praising its artistry and its evocation of important American themes. The hundredth anniversary of the American publication of the novel in sparked new editions, bibliographies, and critical appraisals.
Around this time, more and more questions were being raised about the racial slurs in Huckleberry Finn, and a number of public schools sought to ban the book from their required reading lists.
That controversy goes on, even as criticism of the novel has taken new directions. Since the s some scholars have continued to do close textual readings, and others have emphasized the novel as a cultural product. The question of literary canonization has been addressed by critics such as Jonathan Arac and Elaine and Harry Mensch.
Other commentators, including Shelley Fisher Fishkin and Jocelyn Chadwick-Joshua, have noted the importance of the confluence of white and Black cultures in the story. Several new editions, especially the annotated edition published in by the Mark Twain Foundation, have encouraged further scholarship.
Critical interest in Huckleberry Finn, then, shows no signs of waning, and debates over its stature and reputation, and the issues the novel raises, appear certain to continue.Some people may know that Mark Twain is an artistic nickname, the real name of the author is Samuel Langhorne Clemens.
Became famous as a writer, Mark Twain was a man of many talents. He worked as a typesetter, reporter, the pilot on the Mississippi River steamboat.
The Importance of Mark Twain in American Literature Mark Twain is important to American literature because of his novels and how they portray the American experience. Some of his best selling novels were Innocents Abroad, Life on the Mississippi, Huckleberry Finn, and The Adventures of Tom Sawyer.
Mark Twain was born Samuel Langhorne Clemens on November 30, , in Florida, Missouri, the sixth of seven children born to Jane (née Lampton; –), a native of Kentucky, and John Marshall Clemens (–), a native of lausannecongress2018.com parents met when his father moved to Missouri, and they were married in Twain was of Cornish, English, and Scots-Irish descent.
Long considered Mark Twain's masterwork as well as a classic of American literature, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn () was the first important American work to depart from European.
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