Unbelievably he told the Washington Post that the rape victims had sinister intentions, for by getting themselves raped, they could make money and even become a millionaireget a visa and migrate to Canada. And if you wonder why such injustice recurs with regularity in a Syariah-governed country, perhaps the pathetic attitude of its former President towards such crimes might be indicative.
The translation and the choice of images are mine. Henri Bechard Interior of the Amrou mosque ca In the eleventh and twelfth centuries, a question arose in the Arab and Latin civilisations of what to do with philosophy. The response was different in each of these two civilisations.
In your view, it was a key moment which paved the paths of the Muslim world and Europe. In the eleventh century, the Arabs were far superior to the Latins in their knowledge of philosophy.
Yes, the Arabs knew philosophy incomparably better than the Latins because they inherited ancient philosophy directly from the Greeks.
When they conquered Egypt in the seventh century, the Mouseion in Alexandria was still a major intellectual institution of the ancient world. The legacy of Aristotle and Plato, or rather of the whole philosophical tradition, was very much alive in Alexandria at that time.
The Latins hardly knew Aristotle, because only a few of his minor texts were translated into Latin before the sixth century. Previously, there was no need for translations because everyone who dealt with philosophy knew the Greek language. When the Western Roman Empire collapsed, and the dark ages began between the sixth and tenth century, contacts with the Greek world had weakened.
People no longer understood Greek and all the important texts were lost or were in Byzantium and therefore inaccessible. Nevertheless, Aristotle was still believed to be a great philosopher because he appears as such in the works of St.
There were at that time important philosophical centres in Syria. This is another story, they were created by refugees from Athens. Inthe emperor Justinian ordered the closure of pagan schools, or more precisely, forbade non-Christians to teach in them.
This resulted in the transfer of the Alexandrian school to Christians and that transfer occurred through an arrangement between Christians and pagans.
In Syria, they translated Neoplatonic texts first into Syriac and then, when the Arabs took over those lands, into Arabic. This work continued in Baghdad, the new capital of the Muslim empire, where a school was established at the court of the caliph.
From the fifth to the eighth century, interesting things were done in philosophy in the Eastern Roman Empire, of which the Latins were not aware of because of their separation from Byzantium. In contrast, the Arab conquerors of the Roman provinces in the south and east of the Mediterranean showed great interest in the philosophical thought of the conquered population.
Did the Arabs learn Greek? They employed Greeks and Syrians as translators. Syrians were often were bilingual and, as their Semitic language is close to the Arab language, it was not particularly difficult for them to translate philosophical texts into Arabic.
Porphyry, the disciple of Plotinus, was a Syrian. There were schools established at the courts of Muslim rulers because the Arabs, unlike the Latins, believed that the monarch should be educated. The Arabs accepted the Greek ideal of an enlightened ruler.As a still fully functioning Malay sultanate, Brunei proclaimed Malay Islamic Monarchy as its national philosophy.
In Malaysia, where the supremacy of individual Malay sultanates and the position of Islam are preserved, a Malay identity is defined in Article of the Constitution of Malaysia. Brunei Darussalam is an Islamic country where majority of the population is Muslim. Other ethnic group also practices other religions such as Christianity and Buddhism freely.
The Nation’s philosophy of the Malay Islamic Monarchy (Melayu Islam Beraja) has been carried out since gaining the independent from British in THE three proposed “unity bills” drafted by the National Unity Consultative Council (NUCC) to replace the Sedition Act have recently come under attack for being anti-monarchy, anti-Islam and anti-Malay.
The claim of “civilisational Islam” or “Islam Hadhari” back in the day or sloganised in the s as “Masyarakat Madani” must be backed with a philosophy of development that. The offering of Takaful provides a shariah compliant and holistic financial approach protecting assets against calamities whilst fulfilling one’s Islamic and moral obligations to the community complementing Brunei’s Malay Islamic Monarchy values.
Malay is specified as the national language of Brunei in the constitution of , and its central role in the country is reinforced in the national MIB philosophy (Melayu Islam Beraja, 'Malay Islamic Monarchy').
While the variety of Malay that functions as the national language is not specified, it is generally assumed to be a variety of Standard Malay .