Educational philosophy and child development theory

Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development Citation:

Educational philosophy and child development theory

He was born in and died in His ideas have been influential in education and social reform. He was one of the early developers of pragmatism and functional psychology. The following are some of his ideas about education and society.

According to Dewey, it is not enough to extend the voting rights. It is of paramount importance to form public opinion through education as well.

Dewey argued that education and learning are social and interactive processes, and thus the school itself is a social institution through which social reform can and should take place.

Thus, Dewey makes a strong case for the importance of education not only as a place to gain content knowledge, but also as a place to learn how to live. In addition to helping students realize their full potential, Dewey goes on to acknowledge that education and schooling are instrumental in creating social change and reform.

John Dewey and Education Along with Jean Piaget, John Dewey was one of the first major contemporaries to develop a clear idea of what constructivism consists of. He was concerned with the learner. He wanted to shed light on the learner as an important agent in the learning process.

He had precise insights regarding how education should take place within the classroom. According to Dewey there are two major conflicting schools of thought regarding educational pedagogy.

The first is centered on the curriculum and focuses almost solely on the subject matter to be taught. Dewey argues that the principal weakness in this methodology is the inactivity of the student; within this particular framework, the child is simply the immature being who is to be matured; he is the superficial being who is to be deepened.

The second is learner-centred. He argues that in order for education to be most effective, content must be presented in a way that allows the student to relate the information to prior experiences, thus deepening the connection with this new knowledge. He argued that too much reliance on the child could be equally detrimental to the learning process.

The potential flaw in this line of thinking is that it minimizes the importance of the content as well as the role of the teacher. For this reason he tried to strike a balance between delivering knowledge while also taking into account the interests and experiences of the student.

For Dewey the child and the curriculum are simply two sides.

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One can not do without the other. These ideas made John Dewey one of the most famous advocates of hands-on learning or experiential education. According to Dewey, the teacher should not be the sage on stage anymore.

The role of the teacher should be that of facilitator and guide. The teacher becomes a partner in the learning process, guiding students to independently discover meaning within the subject area.The Montessori Method of education, developed by Dr.

Educational philosophy and child development theory

Maria Montessori, is a child-centered educational approach based on scientific observations of children from birth to adulthood. Dr. It is an approach that values the human spirit and the development of the whole child—physical, social, emotional, cognitive.

The Reggio Emilia Approach is an educational philosophy based on the image of the child, and of human beings, as possessing strong potentials for development and as a subject of rights who learns and grows in the relationships with others. This global educational project.

Educational psychology - Wikipedia

John Dewey was an American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer. He was born in and died in His ideas have been influential in education and social reform. Introduction to Child Development examines the principles of child development from birth to adolescence.

The course begins with students discussing the major developmental stages, domains, and milestones of child development. Bandura's child development theory suggests that observation plays a critical role in learning, but this observation does not necessarily need to take the form of watching a live model.

Instead, people can also learn by listening to verbal instructions about how to perform a behavior as well as through observing either real or fictional. Child development entails the biological, psychological and emotional changes that occur in human beings between birth and the end of adolescence, as the individual progresses from dependency to increasing is a continuous process with a predictable sequence, yet having a unique course for every child.

It does not progress at the same rate and each stage is affected by the preceding.

Educational Psychology Interactive: Moral and Character Development