History of sociology Notions of society and the state of nature have existed for centuries.
Education is indispensable to individual and society, for without it there would be loss of all the accumulated knowledge of the ages and all the standard of conduct. An individual must learn the culture of the society or the accepted ways of doing things.
He must be socialized into the prevailing culture and must learn the rules of conduct and expectations about future behaviour. Society therefore, consciously devices its instructional programmes to fulfill personal and social needs rather than leaving the learning to change.
Education provides a conscious teaching programme that helps to inculcate values, norms and social skills that will enable the individual to develop his personality and sustain the social system.
The term education has different meanings. Each person interprets the word in terms of his past experience, his needs and purposes. The parents, the teachers, administrators, religious leaders, politicians and artists interpret the term education in their own ways.
For example, to a student, education means acquisition of knowledge, receiving a degree or diploma. A statesman may claim that it means to train individuals as ideal citizens. A teacher may interpret education as means for creation a new man and new society. The meaning of education differs from place to place and from time to time.
It has passed through many ages and stages of evolution. At every stage it has had a different meaning according to existing social conditions.
Hence, education may be broadly regarded as the way in which people learn to take part in the life of society in which they live. Education is the social process by which individual learns the things necessary to fit him to the social life of his society.
Education is primarily deliberate learning which fits the individual for his adult role in society. It is a deliberate instruction throughout which we acquire a large part of our social and technical skills. Schooling is merely a highly specialised form of education. According to Samuel Koenig, Education may also be defined as the process whereby the social heritage of a group is passed on from one generation to another as well as the process whereby the child becomes socialised, i.
Thus, education is both acquisition of knowledge or art of teaching and learning of values, norms and skills. The education a system, first of all, may be viewed as a part of the total social system.
It both reflects and influences the social and cultural order of which it is a part. However, in modern society, education is viewed as formal training. Green writes, Historically, it education has meant the conscious training of the young for the later adoption of adult roles.
Education, according Western scholars, is deliberate and organised activity through which the physical, intellectual, moral and spiritual potentialities of the child are developed, both in individual as an individual and also as a member of society.
So that he may lead the fullest and richest life possible in this world. All practical aims such as the development of character, the attainment of knowledge both for use and enjoyment, the acquisition of skills, the making of worthy citizen and others that have been proposed from time to time are subordinate to the ultimate aim in life.
The educational system may be viewed as subsystem within social organisation of its own. It has a system of status and roles, a body of skills, values and traditions. Each schools and each classroom within the school forms an interacting group.
Now, we can indicate several sociological aspects of education.
First, learning is a creative experience. When a man responds to stimuli, he acts in a creative manner. In other words, education is a creative act for the learner. Second, education is of two ways of learning such as informal education and formal education.Education is the social process by which individual learns the things necessary to fit him to the social life of his society.
Education is primarily deliberate learning which fits the individual for his adult role in society. As Counts and Mead phrase it, education is an induction into the learner’s culture.
represent the organizations involved in our socialization such as the family, religion, schools, places of employment, and the media total institution an institution that controls almost all aspects of its members' lives, and all aspects of the individual's life is controlled by those in authority in the institution.
The Socialization of Education. May 27, by American Vision 15 Comments. Share Tweet 4 +1. —through the throngs of TEA-party demonstrators and anti-Socialism campaigns—to a partial understanding of what socialization actually means, yet most of these same protesters view socialism as only an economic program.
More recently, however, the concept of socialization has been broadened to include aspects of adult behaviour as well.
It is now thought of “as an interactional process whereby a person’s behaviour is modified to conform to expectations held by members of the groups to which he belongs. Socialization is important in the process of personality formation.
While much of human personality is the result of our genes, the socialization process can mold it in particular directions by encouraging specific beliefs and attitudes as well as selectively providing experiences.
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