Examples of Student Writing We believe that the most dramatic improvements in writing occur at the first steps in the writing process, and that is where we will focus our efforts. This draft might be several sentences, a paragraph, or an essay, or it may be an entry in a journal, a shopping list, a love letter, a poem, a rap, a set of song lyrics, or another type of writing. As a teacher, you don't have to take every assignment to a final form. Its similar to sports.
Make your expectations clear. This could be in the assignment description itself or on a checklist that students must fill out and attach to the completed assignment. Such a checklist asks students to verify that they have done certain things, from including page numbers and their name to rereading and spell-checking the paper to re-examining the core premises, the alignment of argument and evidence, and the overall organizational structure.
This can serve as a reminder to students that their work is not done simply when they reach the page limit. Break long writing assignments down into shorter, scaffolded assignments.
For a research paper, for example, you might ask first for a proposal or statement of intention in which the student must articulate the purpose of his paper who will it try to convince of what? At a slightly later stage, you might ask for a list of relevant bibliographic resources, then for an argument, clearly stated in sentences.
This can help to illuminate for students the component tasks of a writing assignment, while not permitting them to wait until the last minute to begin work.
Model how you approach writing tasks.
Help students see writing as a multi-stage, iterative process by modeling how you, as an expertapproach a writing task, diagnose problems in early drafts, and go about making revisions: What questions do you ask yourself before you begin? You might, for example, ask: Who is my audience?
What am I trying to convince them of? What do I want to say, and what evidence can I use to back it up? How do you go about writing? Do you sketch out ideas on scrap paper? Save your introductory paragraph until you have written the body of the paper?
How do you go about diagnosing problems and making revisions? Do you ask a friend to read and comment on your work? Do you step away from the paper for a day and return to it with fresh eyes? This is not always easy: However, it is a useful exercise, illuminating to both you and your students the complex steps involved in writing and revising.
Faculty can include the submission of intermediate drafts as part of an assignment, providing feedback at each of the stages.
This has a number of advantages. First, it allows instructors to see where students are having problems while those problems can still be addressed. Second, requiring drafts communicates to students that good writing involves progressive refinement. Third, writing in drafts allows students to experiment and take some chances in their writing while the stakes are still low.
Fourth, when students receive constructive feedback on early drafts and improve their writing as a result, they see the benefits of revision directly and begin to develop the ability to diagnose writing problems on their own. Finally, requiring drafts discourages plagiarism.
While giving feedback on drafts can be time-consuming, targeted feedback and performance rubrics can help instructors assess student writing more efficiently and provide more useful feedback. Moreover, requiring students to include their previous draft and your feedback with each new submission makes it easier for you to see how they have addressed your comments and hence faster for you to grade each subsequent submission.
Furthermore, the nature of writing depends heavily on both the specific assignment i.Writing and English as a Second Language(Learn NC, University of North Carolina) Recommended Writing Websites (Colorín Colorado) Major support provided by our founding partner, the American Federation of Teachers, AFL-CIO.
Developing Body Paragraphs Below is a step-by-step process for drafting a coherent, well-developed, traditional body paragraph that supports the thesis of an argumentative essay. Printable Graphic Organizers Help your students organize their writing with venn diagrams, story maps, and more.
Your kids can use the writing webs, chronological order charts to improve the organization of their writing. Topic Sentences. All three paragraphs start out well with a topic sentence.A topic sentence is a sentence whose main idea or claim controls the rest of the paragraph; the body of a paragraph explains, develops or supports with evidence the topic sentence's main idea or claim.
Writing well composed academic paragraphs can be tricky. The following is a guide on how to draft, expand, refine, and explain your ideas so that you write clear, . Early in the year, teachers should review the lessons learned in first grade and provide lessons in pre-writing skills.
Those skills are the key to developing paragraphs, essays and stories. Second grade students then should be ready to start exploring the differences in writing styles and developing an awareness of their audience.