Petersburginto the family of Ivan Yuvacheva member of the revolutionary group The People's Will. By the time of his son's birth, the elder Yuvachev had already been imprisoned for his involvement in subversive acts against Tsar Alexander III and had become a philosopher. Daniil invented the pseudonym Kharms while attending Saint Peter's School. There are some assumptions that this might have been influenced by his fascination with Arthur Conan Doyle 's Sherlock Holmesas the two words Holmes and Harms start and end similarly, as well as a number of other theories.
Petersburginto the family of Ivan Yuvacheva member of the revolutionary group The People's Will. By the time of his son's birth, the elder Yuvachev had already been imprisoned for his involvement in subversive acts against Tsar Alexander III and had become a philosopher.
Daniil invented the pseudonym Kharms while attending Saint Peter's School. There are some assumptions that this might have been influenced by his fascination with Arthur Conan Doyle 's Sherlock Holmesas the two words Holmes and Harms start and end similarly, as well as a number of other theories.
Inhe entered the Leningrad Electrotechnicumfrom which he was expelled for "lack of participation in socially conscious activities".
He joined the circle of Aleksandr Tufanov, a sound-poet, and follower of Velemir Khlebnikov 's ideas of zaum or trans-sense poetry. He met the young poet Alexander Vvedensky at this time, and the two became close friends and collaborators.
From untilKharms continually produced children's works, to great success. He embraced the new movements of Russian Futurism laid out by his idols, KhlebnikovKazimir Malevichand Igor Terentievamong others.
Their ideas served as a springboard. His aesthetic centered around a belief in the autonomy of art from real world rules and logic, and that intrinsic meaning is to be found in objects and words outside of their practical function.
Kharms was arrested in and exiled to Kursk for most of a year. He was arrested as a member of "a group of anti-Soviet children's writers", and some of his works were used as evidence in the case.
Soviet authorities, having become increasingly hostile toward the avant-garde in general, deemed Kharms' writing for children anti-Soviet because of its refusal to instill materialist and social Soviet values. In the s, as the mainstream Soviet literature was becoming more and more conservative under the guidelines of Socialist RealismKharms found refuge in children's literature.
He had worked under Samuil Marshak at Detgizthe state-owned children's publishing house since the mids, writing new material and translating children's literature from the west, including Wilhelm Busch 's Max and Moritz. In Marshak's publishing house in Leningrad was shut down, some of employees were arrested: Works[ edit ] His "adult" works were not published during his lifetime with the sole exception of two early poems.
His notebooks were saved from destruction in the war by loyal friends and hidden until the s, when his children's writing became widely published and scholars began the job of recovering his manuscripts and publishing them in the west and in samizdat.
His reputation in the 20th century in Russia was largely based on his popular work for children. His other writings a vast assortment of stories, miniatures, plays, poems, and pseudo-scientific, philosophical investigations were virtually unknown until the s, and not published officially in Russia until " glasnost " Kharms' stories are typically brief vignettes see also short prose and feuilleton often only a few paragraphs long, in which scenes of poverty and deprivation alternate with fantastic, dreamlike occurrences and acerbic comedy.
Occasionally they incorporate incongruous appearances by famous authors e. Pushkin and Gogol tripping over each other; Count Leo Tolstoy showing his chamber pot to the world; Pushkin and his sons falling off their chairs; etc. Kharms' world is unpredictable and disordered; characters repeat the same actions many times in succession or otherwise behave irrationally; linear stories start to develop but are interrupted in midstream by inexplicable catastrophes that send them in completely different directions.
Kharms' adult works were picked up by Russian samizdat starting around the s, and thereby did have an influence on the growing "unofficial" arts scene. A complete collection of his works was published in Bremen in four volumes, in — In Russia, Kharms' works were widely published only from the late s.
Now, several editions of Kharms's collected works and selected volumes have been published in Russia, and collections are available in English, French, German and Italian. Ina selection of his works appeared in Irish.
Numerous English translations have appeared of late in American literary journals. Gibian's translations appeared in Annex Press magazine in In the early s a slim selected volume translated into British English by Neil Cornwell came out in England.
An Anthology of Russian Absurdism. It includes poems, plays, short prose pieces, and his novella "The Old Woman".
Another collection in the translation of Alex Cigale, Russian Absurd: A selection of Kharms's dramatic works, A Failed Performance: Individual pieces have also been translated by Roman Turovsky.Oberiu included Daniil Kharms (pseudonym of Daniil Iuvachev, ), Aleksandr Vvedenskii (), and Leonid Lipavskii (), who published children’s books .
Daniil Kharms is probably one of the best Absurdist Russian writers I've read from the OBERIU class. And this book is the best selection from Kharms that I've read.
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[(Daniil Kharms: Writing and the Event)] [Author: Branislav Jakovljevic] published on (February, ) Paperback – February 1, Be the first to review this item See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions.
Daniil Kharms, early s. Image via New York Review of Books. For the New York Review of Books, Ian Frazier has written about Daniil Kharms, a little known, difficult-to-classify, and extremely funny Russian writer. Check out the text below. Russia is the funniest country in the world.