In recognition of developmental differences between adults and juveniles, the juvenile justice system is intended to emphasize guidance, education, treatment, and rehabilitation over punishment. The system deals with juveniles who were under age 18 at the time of their offense. In addition to local law enforcement, county probation departments and juvenile courts work with local school districts and child welfare and behavioral health departments.
Currently, the DJJ receives its youthful offender population from both juvenile and superior court referrals. Those youths are sent to the DJJ to receive various training and treatment services. The law mandates the division to: Provide a range of training and treatment services for youthful offenders committed by courts Direct youthful offenders to participate in community and victim restoration Assist local justice agencies with efforts to control crime and delinquency Encourage the development of state and local programs to prevent crime and delinquency Youths committed directly to the DJJ do not receive determinate sentences.
A youth's length of stay is determined by the severity of the committing offense and their progress toward parole readiness; however, the DJJ is authorized to house youths until age 21 or 25, depending upon their commitment offense.
A youths readiness for return to the community is determined by the Juvenile Parole Board. It recommends supervision conditions to county courts which administer them. In the community newly released youth are supervised by county probation departments. The DJJ also provides housing for youths under the age of 18 who have been sentenced to state prison.
Youths sentenced to state prison may remain at DJJ until age 18, or if the youth can complete his or her sentence prior to age 21, the DJJ may house him or her until released to parole.A separate juvenile justice system was established in the United States about years ago with the goal of diverting youthful offenders from the destructive punishments of criminal courts and encouraging rehabilitation based on the individual juvenile's needs.
California’s juvenile justice system is a network of county and state agencies and programs. In recognition of developmental differences between adults and juveniles, the juvenile justice system is intended to emphasize guidance, education, treatment, and rehabilitation over punishment. The Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ), originally known as the California Youth Authority (CYA), was created by statute in and began operating in , providing training and parole supervision for juvenile and young adult offenders.
Jan 17, · California’s criminal justice system can be thought of as having four stages: (1) the commission of the crime, (2) arrest by law enforcement, (3) prosecution of a case in the trial courts, and (4) detention and supervision by corrections agencies. The Juvenile Justice Commission (JJC) fulfills a judicial role that mandates the Commission to inquire into all activities surrounding the administration of juvenile justice regarding both delinquent and dependent children from the time they are taken into temporary custody by law enforcement until they leave the juvenile justice system.
Juvenile Justice System Carlos M. Lino Rios University of Phoenix CJA/ - INTRODUCTION TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE March 18, David Kurylowicz, MBA Juvenile Justice System There is a rationale in society that juveniles are still in development state and their Behavior can be malleable.