This essay was first published in Sean ScullyResistance and Persistence: He studied art at the Accademia di Belle Arti from He lived all his life with his three sisters, Anna, Dina and Maria Teresa. From the age of 20 until his death he lived in a flat at Via Fordazza 36, and in the family country house in Grizzana in the mountains 35 km from Bologna.
Written for the general public, includes reviews of art exhibitions in galleries and museums. Scholarly art criticism Written for a more specialized art audience and appears in art journals. It answers the question, "What do you see?
Form of art whether architecture, sculpture, painting or one of the minor arts b. Medium of work whether clay, stone, steel, paint, etc. Elements or general shapes architectural structural system within the composition, including building of post-lintel construction or painting with several figures lined up in a row; identification of objects e.
Description of axis whether vertical, diagonal, horizontal, etc. Description of line, including contour as soft, planar, jagged, etc. Description of how line describes shape and space volume ; distinguish between lines of objects and lines of composition, e.
Relationships between shapes, e. Texture of surface or other comments about execution of work k. Determination of subject matter through naming iconographic elements, e. Selection of most distinctive features or characteristics whether line, shape, color, texture, etc. Analysis of the principles of design or composition, e.
Discussion of how elements or structural system contribute to appearance of image or function e. Analysis of use of light and role of color, e. Treatment of space and landscape, both real and illusionary including use of perspectivee.
Portrayal of movement and how it is achieved h. Effect of particular medium s used i. Your perceptions of balance, proportion and scale relationships of each part of the composition to the whole and to each other part and your emotional j.
Reaction to object or monument 3. Main idea, overall meaning of the work. Can I express what I think the artwork is about in one sentence? What evidence inside or outside the artwork supports my interpretation? Judging a piece of work means giving it rank in relation to other works and of course considering a very important aspect of the visual arts; its originality.
What criteria do I think are most appropriate for judging the artwork? What evidence inside or outside the artwork relates to each criterion?
Based on the criteria and evidence, what is my judgment about the quality of the artwork? Artworks have "aboutness" and demand interpretation. Interpretations are persuasive arguments. Some interpretations are better than others.
Good interpretations of art tell more about the artwork than they tell about the critic.
Feelings are guides to interpretations. There can be different, competing, and contradictory interpretations of the same artwork. Interpretations are often based on a worldview. Interpretations are not so much absolutely right, but more or less reasonable, convincing, enlightening, and informative.Intelligent evaluation of the work produced by emerging artists became supplanted by hype.
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From Holbein to Hockney, from Norman Rockwell to Pablo Picasso, from sixteenth-century Rome to s SoHoReviews: "The case of Giorgio de Chirico is one of the most curious in art history. though not by the Museum of Modern Art - to rehabilitate late de Chirico.
Dealers need product, of course, but there is more to it than that. - From Robert Hughes"Nothing If Not Critical: Selected Essays on Art and Artists". Giorgio de Chirico (Italian: [ˈdʒordʒo deˈkiːriko]; 10 July – 20 November ) was an Italian artist and writer. In the years before World War I, he founded the scuola metafisica art movement, which profoundly influenced the surrealists.
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