Full study guide for this title currently under development. To be notified when we launch a full study guide, please contact us. A Farewell to Arms Summary SuperSummary, a modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. Frederic Henry, called Tenente—lieutenant—by his comrades in arms, is an American enlisted as an officer in the Italian Army driving an ambulance during World War I.
See also, Ernest Hemingway Criticism. In the novel, Hemingway uses his characteristic unadorned prose, clipped dialogue, and understatement to convey an essentially cynical view of the world. Plot and Major Characters A Farewell to Arms is autobiographical in that Hemingway himself was with the Red Cross ambulance corps in Italy and also had a romance with a nurse after he was wounded by shrapnel.
His protagonist, Frederic Henry, is a young American who joins the Italian ambulance corps, only to be wounded and sent to a hospital in Milan. He soon falls in love with his English nurse, Catherine Barkley, who then spends a happy summer with him in the country while he recuperates.
A depressing scene ensues, with Frederic back at the front commiserating with his despondent comrade Rinaldi. With him he shares the further disappointment of the retreat from Caporetto. Discouraged and disillusioned, Frederic deserts, finding his way back to Stresa, to which Catherine has been transferred.
Although in civilian clothes, Frederic fears detection, and he and Catherine flee to Lausanne to await the birth of their child.
After a traumatic childbirth scene, both Catherine and the child die. Frederic walks away alone in the rain, chastened by his experiences and feeling alone in the universe.
Major Themes An overarching theme in A Farewell to Arms is the hopelessness of war and the futility of searching for meaning in a wartime setting. Further, Hemingway suggests that the only true values people can cling to are in individual human relationships, not in abstract ideas of patriotism or service.
A Farewell to Arms is above all a story of the development of Frederic Henry, who begins as a rather rootless character who does not really know why he joined the war effort.
His own wound, however, teaches him to value life and prepares him to enter into a love relationship with Catherine. By the end of the novel, with love and hope seemingly dead, he has come to an understanding that one must be engaged in life, despite the vicissitudes of an indifferent universe.
A number of critics were squeamish about the frank language and sexual situations Hemingway presented. By the s, however, proponents of the New Criticism had begun to do closer textual studies of A Farewell to Arms, finding it rich in language, symbolism, and irony.
The s and early s saw a new flurry of Hemingway scholarship after his papers and manuscripts were opened to the public at the John F.
In the early s, feminist critics began to lambast Hemingway for his treatment of the character of Catherine, whom they saw as little more than a projection of male needs and desires. In answer to feminist critics, others argued that one should not judge the novel from a particular ideological framework.
Reader-response critics sought to infer what Hemingway expected from readers, psychoanalytic critics delved into the character of Frederic, and deconstructionists noted subtle uses of language, which often masked deep meanings not at first evident.Hemingway’s second important novel, A Farewell to Arms (), is the story of a deeply moving love affair in wartime Italy between an American officer in the Italian ambulance service and a British nurse.
Farewell to Arms The title to Hemingway’s third book, A Farewell to Arms, is taken from the poem by George Peele, a 16 th century poet and dramatist. A Farewell to Arms follows the first-person account of an American lieutenant in the ambulance corps of the Italian Army, during the First World War.
A Farewell to Arms is a novel by Ernest Hemingway set during the Italian campaign of World War I. First published in , it is a first-person account of an American, Frederic Henry, serving as a lieutenant ("tenente") in the ambulance corps of the Italian Army. The title is taken from a poem by the 16th-century English dramatist George lausannecongress2018.comhed: (Scribner). A Farewell to Arms, novel by Ernest Hemingway, published in Like his early short stories and his novel The Sun Also Rises, the work is full of the disillusionment of the "lost generation" expatriates. This one-page guide includes a plot summary and brief analysis of A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway. Frederic Henry, called Tenente—lieutenant—by his comrades in arms, is an American enlisted as an officer in the .
Much symbolism in Ernest Hemingway's A Farewell to Arms relates to the tragic love story of Frederic Henry, an ambulance driver for the Italian army and Catherine Barkley.
his English nurse after. Plot Overview. Lieutenant Frederic Henry is a young American ambulance driver serving in the Italian army during World War I. At the beginning of the novel, the war is winding down with the onset of winter, and Henry arranges to tour Italy.
A Farewell to Arms Homework Help Questions. What is the climax in a A Farewell to Arms by Ernest Hemingway?
The climax, or high point of interest of suspense, in Hemingway's novel is the point at. It was followed by Hemingway's first major novels, The Sun Also Rises and A Farewell to Arms, which chronicle, in reverse order, Hemingway's experiences in war and postwar Europe. The Sun Also Rises features Jake Barnes, an American World War I veteran whose mysterious combat wounds have caused him to be impotent.